|• Whether or not to Use a Ceiling Medallion
|• Engineering: Ease of Installation, Interior/Exterior Use
|• Hole Size Choices
|• Timely Availability
||WHY WOULD I USE WHOLESALEMILLWORK.COM ORNAMENTATION? [TOP]
Our medallions and other decorative products serve as accessories for chandeliers, ceiling fans, and foyer lanterns. All of our elements are designed to humanize space. They complete the design much the way shoes, belts, purses and jewelry enhance and complete a dress. A lamp without a finial is incomplete. Wholesalemillwork.com ceiling, wall and stair ornamentation complete both chandeliers and room design.
||HOW DO I DETERMINE THE SIZE OF THE CEILING MEDALLION? [TOP]
Since you are selecting neither a dress nor a suit, exact sizing is not a critical issue! However, some sense of proportion will make a statement about your tastes.
The higher the ceiling, the larger the ceiling medallion should be in order to maintain proportion. Ceilings are normally higher as the square footage in a room increases. Normally, the crown molding, furniture, lighting fixture and square footage will all increase as the ceiling height increases. Notice the crown molding in tall spaces. If it isn't larger on a high ceiling, the lack of proportion is obvious. To give you a sense of scale, we've used the example of an outdoor post lantern. A lantern 16" or 18" wide by 36" height looks absolutely enormous when viewed at eye level. However, when it is mounted on a post 12' above grade, it becomes proportionate in scale.
If your Wholesalemillwork.com ceiling medallion is to be mounted in your dining room or bedroom, it should be approximately the same diameter as your chandelier, though it could be a little larger or smaller. The medallion's design should be the deciding factor. We've sometimes suggested a mathematical rule of thumb i.e. multiply the length of the room in feet x the width of the room in feet and divide by seven (7). This will yield the approximate diameter of your ceiling medallion in inches. This formula works pretty well on a 9' ceiling.
If the ceiling is higher, the ceiling medallion needs to be larger. Entry spaces or foyers are exceptions to this rule of thumb. Two- or three-story foyers should have a ceiling medallion that is generally much wider than the width of the hanging fixture.
||WHAT STYLES ARE MOST POPULAR? [TOP]
The style you select is a matter of personal taste. It certainly represents your appreciation of presentation and attention to detail.
Acanthus leaf designs, in all their variations, are most popular. Medallions without any decoration (plain) are next. After that we see classical egg and dart, shell and bellflower, interlaced bands and combinations of all.
||WHAT IS THE ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY BEHIND WHOLESALEMILLWORK.COM DESIGNS? [TOP]
Our decorative motifs are primarily derived from the Greek and Roman cultures evolving and changing over the centuries. We see influences from Early-Christian, Byzantine, Gothic and Renaissance periods. Later evolution is seen in Rococo, Colonial, and Classical Revival of the 18th Century Empire. Modern and stylized treatments have further come into play in our designs.
||WHY WOULD I CHOOSE AN WHOLESALEMILLWORK.COM PRODUCT MADE OF POLYURETHANE VERSUS ONE MADE OF PLASTER? [TOP]
Our products are lighter in weight and much less fragile than their plaster counterparts. Packaging, shipping and installation are considerably less expensive due to polyurethane's greater strength and lower weight. Chipping and cracking almost never occur with high-density polyurethane.
||HOW DOES WHOLESALEMILLWORK.COM CASTING DETAIL COMPARE WITH PLASTER AND OTHER URETHANE MANUFACTURERS? [TOP]
Our goal from design conception is to produce a product that is extraordinary in both engineering and crispness. Our products are cast in expensive silicone rubber molds. This material allows us to maintain sharp edges and even "undercuts" when appropriate.
||WHY URETHANE CASTINGS VERSUS INJECTED MOLDED OR PRESSURE/THERMO/VACUUM FORMED PRODUCTS? [TOP]
Most designs simulate the plasterwork of artisans. In fact, in the model making process, we often create plaster castings. Injection molded products are made by melting a plastic, such as polystyrene, and injecting it into a closed steel mold. Due to high mold development costs in this process, it is impractical to offer a large variety of designs. Also, undercuts, which are impractical when using injection molding or thermoforming, add to the beauty and authentic look and are part of many Wholesalemillwork.com designs. Pressure/Thermo/Vacuum formed products are made from sheet material that results in product that lacks the quality look of the Wholesalemillwork.com casting process.
||WHAT MAKES A MEDALLION EASIER OR HARDER TO INSTALL? [TOP]
Several factors including:
• Material -Our polyurethane medallions are much more easily installed than plaster medallions. Urethane is easily drilled, screwed or nailed without risk of splitting or cracking. Also, polyurethane medallions are lighter than their plaster counterparts.
• Coring - Ceilings are never perfectly flat and therefore a medallion with a solid back will seat with an obvious gap. Most of the Wholesalemillwork.com medallions are engineered to have a "cored" or slightly hollowed out back that allows them to be installed without objectionable gaps.
• Hole Size Choices - Each installation is unique and it is generally preferable to have a choice of hole sizes in the medallion you buy. A larger ceiling medallion is much easier to install with a 4" center hole. On the other hand, you may choose to eliminate the canopy supplied with your lighting fixture and use our ceiling medallion with a 1" center hole.
Most Wholesalemillwork.com ceiling medallions can be shipped with no hole, or at no extra charge, Wholesalemillwork.com will custom drill a 1" or 4" hole as needed. Check the catalog for the hole sizes available on each product.
||WHAT SHOULD I KNOW ABOUT HOLE SIZE FOR A CEILING MEDALLION? [TOP]
Each installation is unique and it is generally preferable to have a choice of hole sizes in the medallion you buy. A larger ceiling medallion is much easier to install with a 4" center hole. On the other hand, you may choose to eliminate the canopy supplied with your lighting fixture and use our ceiling medallion with a 1" center hole.
Most Wholesalemillwork.com ceiling medallions can be ordered with no hole, or Wholesalemillwork.com will custom drill a 1" or 4" hole as needed at no additional charge. Check the catalog for the hole sizes available on each product.
If you are installing a ceiling medallion over an electrical junction box, easy access to the electrical junction box is the primary consideration. The National Electric Code requires access and the 4" hole option available on most Wholesalemillwork.com products meets this requirement. This allows you to simply install the medallion with adhesive and perhaps a few screws. If you use a medallion with a 1" hole, then you must make it removable and it should not be installed with adhesive.
||WHY IS TIMELY AVAILABILITY A CONSIDERATION FOR SELECTING A CEILING MEDALLION? [TOP]
Because homebuilders want to close on time and not be delayed by an out-of-stock ceiling medallion! Wholesalemillwork.com ships most Ceiling medallions in 5 to 7 days.
||WHAT ARE WHOLESALEMILLWORK.COM CEILING MEDALLIONS MADE OF? [TOP]
Our ceiling medallions are manufactured from high-density polyurethane foam. This is similar in rigidity to white pine. The surface of the product is as smooth or coarse as the silicone rubber mold in which it is cast. Many decorative mirror frames and "carved" furniture components are made from this material.
||CAN I USE WHOLESALEMILLWORK.COM PRODUCTS OUTSIDE? [TOP]
Polyurethane products are commonly used for exterior and interior applications. Be sure to use a quality exterior paint to protect it from UV rays.
||WHY ARE THE BACKS OF SOME WHOLESALEMILLWORK.COM CEILING MEDALLIONS "HOLLOWED OUT?" [TOP]
In the casting industry, this is termed "coring". Instead of a flat back, we design and engineer what is called a "core plug." This increases the cost to create the molds but is part of what make Wholesalemillwork.com products the best value available.
Coring facilitates a flush fit to the ceiling, since few ceilings are actually flat. Consider how a table would rock if it had a flat base rather than legs.
Also, since we often create deep contours in our designs, coring allows us to manufacture our products with a relatively uniform wall thickness. This helps avoid warping of the urethane product while in the distributor's warehouse.
Coring also reduces unnecessary weight, reducing the cost of shipping and difficulty in installation.
||HOW DO I INSTALL AN WHOLESALEMILLWORK.COM CEILING MEDALLION? [TOP]
Access to the electrical junction box is the primary concern as required by the National Electric Code requires access.
If your ceiling medallion has a 4" center hole, you can fasten it to the ceiling surface with an adhesive such as Liquid Nails®. You'll probably need several sheetrock screws to hold it while the adhesive sets up. If your ceiling medallion is particularly large and heavy, the finishing nails or screws might need to be anchored into the ceiling joists.
This is the easiest and preferable method for designs which are 24" in diameter and larger. It allows the medallion to be painted, then mounted by the general or trim contractor. The electrical contractor's job is simple at this point. The only change for him is the addition of a longer running thread nipple due to the medallion's projection from the ceiling surface.
If you select an Wholesalemillwork.com ceiling medallion with a 1" center hole, you must still provide access to the electrical junction box, so you must install the medallion to be removable. Therefore, never use adhesive in this application. Should you require access to the electrical connections, the medallion will have been bonded to the sheetrock paper and will tear into an area outside of it.
|• If the medallion is about 10" in diameter, the screw collar ring alone may be enough to keep it flush to the ceiling. USE NO ADHESIVE!
|• If your medallion is about 18" or less, the canopy that comes with the fixture will probably be sufficient to keep it flush to the ceiling. USE NO ADHESIVE!
|• If the medallion is larger than 18" wide with a 1" center hole, you'll need either drywall screws, finishing nails or toggle bolts to fasten it. USE NO ADHESIVE! Drill, screw or nail through an area that is relatively flat. Set the fastener just below the surface, and then use regular vinyl spackle to cover. Lightly sand if necessary. If there are any obvious gaps between the medallion and the ceiling surface, you'll need to run a bead of non-adhesive caulk around the gap. Then smooth with your finger. Should you need to remove the medallion, pull or pry it so that the fasteners remain in the ceiling. It will be easy to patch the small holes with spackle prior to reinstallation.
||WHAT FINISHES CAN I APPLY TO MY WHOLESALEMILLWORK.COM PRODUCTS? [TOP]
All Wholesalemillwork.com products come with a universal primer. It will allow the use of latex or oil-based coatings. Many of our products are installed with nothing more than our factory primed finish..
||SHOULD I PAINT MY MEDALLION BEFORE OR AFTER INSTALLATION? [TOP]
Generally, it is easier to paint a medallion before installation. Place the medallion face up on a pair of sawhorses and then either brush or spray. Small touch-up and patching can be accomplished after mounting.